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Yemen 10, Afghanistan 7, Bbc News 6, London 6, Karzai 4, Obama 4, Davos 4, Los Angeles 3, Bill Clinton 3, Kcet 3, Pyongyang 3, Britain 3, New York 3, U.s. 3, North Korea 3, Iraq 3, Washington 3, Newman 2, Tony Blair 2, Taliban 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC)  

    January 27, 2010
    6:30 - 7:00pm EST  

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> it is question time as the bbc brings the afghan president and the british prime minister and in front of the young audience. whorled powers focus on yemen's government as a struggle with extremism. president obama prepares to face the public and politicians. very warm welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast to our viewers on pbs in america, also around the globe. my name is mike embley. coming up later for you -- britain's top lawyer at the time of the iraq war testifies.
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why did he change his mind? and lessons from the meltdown. the world economic forum opens in davos and calls for fundamental rethinking of capitalism, no less. hello to you. could the afghan president's plan to offer talks and money to peace with the taliban undermine the environment with the afghan people? homage karzai has been defending himself from the accusation. -- homage karzai. britain's prime minister answered questions from afghan and british students and defended his deployment of british troops. our world from paris -- our world affairs correspondent was there. >> president karzai arrives in london knowing he has repair
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work to do on his own reputation and that of his government. last ye's afghan elections were widely seen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, more troops than ever were being killed or injured in the war against the taliban. was it, one student asked, worth the price being paid? >> british soldiers have been fighting in afghanistan for nine years. practically half my life. have we seen any change in the situation over there? will we get better? or will my children ask me the same question? >> i think the first thing to say is we had to take action in 2001. after the al-qaeda bombing of new york, the knowledge that al- qaeda were operating from afghanistan, the help that was given them by the taliban government. the question is how can we keep
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our streets safe and how good the rest of the world keep itself safe if al-qaeda was free to move within afghanistan? >> mr president, i want to ask you about corruption in afghanistan? >> this question of corruption would not go away. one student said it was a bigger problem than the lack of security. president karzai said he was already fighting it. >> tomorrow, we will announce a plan for renewed, invigorated anti-corruption measures. >> the british prime minister describes the president's work as -- >> lots have to be a stronger and penalties harsher. -- laws have to be stronger. we do put our aid through the afghan government. i think that is the right thing to do. but we have a system of
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monitoring the includes the world bank and other institutions that are looking carefully to make sure the money gets to the destination. >> each has criticized the other often and openly. today, finally, an attempt at mutual warmth. >> prime minister gordon brown i found to be an extremely distinguished person. a kind person, with whom i have an excellent working relationship. >> president karzai is trying to rebuild his country. we have to support him. >> it is unnecessary show of unity. each man knows public support for the war is fragile and needs to be sustained. alan little, bbc news. >> financial leaders from around the globe have promised to work together to combat rising islamist extremism in yemen. the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton said that military action alone would not be enough and the u.s. would work with yemen to promotes
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human rights, build democratic institutions, and combat corruption. here is our middle east editor. >> some of yemen's and many troubles came to london. these people want independence for the south. in the north, others are fighting of trouble war. -- fighting a tribal war. >> [unintelligible] >> and in yemen, these are the leaders of al-qaeda's franchise, who claimed they trained a man who tried to blow up an american airliner christmas day. which is why leaders from the world's most powerful countries were in london today. >> we have to do more, but we have to work in conjunction with the government of yemen. however, the government of yemen must do more also. >> the problem is that the american administration needs to demonstrate to their voters they
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have an effective engagement in yemen. but the yemeni government needs to downplay corp. because the yemeni public opinion is so hostile to american policy in -- downplay cooperation because the yemeni public opinion is so hostile to american policy in the middle east. >> this means improving life and in this beautiful, desperate, or country. their only significant expor-- oil -- is running out. it is too easy to attract the young to al-qaeda's promise of a glorious death. and water is running out, too. fewer than one in five people in the country have access to safe water. three-quarters of the population have no electricity. a significant portion are unemployed.
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al-qaeda is well established in yemen and maybe recruiting for people pushed out of afghanistan and pakistan. yemen is not a failed state, but it is failing. putting it right will not be quick or easy. it might not even be possible. abc news, at the foreign office. -- bbc news, at the foreign office. >> the prime minister honduras has flown out of the country after months of siege in the brazilian embassy. it is thought he is traveling to the dominican republic. he left his refuge after his successor was sworn in as president. shares in toyota have fallen sharply on news that it has suspended american sales of eight models, citing safety concerns. there also is suspending production of those models at north american plants. last week, 3.3 million cars were
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sold with faulty acceleration petals. the black boxes from the aircraft across the lebanese coast have been found. it crashed into the mediterranean just minutes after taking off from beirut. all 90 passengers and crew are feared dead. britain's former attorney general stood by his decision to declare the invasion of iraq legal. he was closely questioned at the iraq inquir here in london, and he told the inquiry he gave the final go-ahead after a series of discussions with american and british politicians. >> february 2003, and the kuwaiti desert at the border with iraq. british soldiers were waiting. in london, lord goldsmith, then attorney general, knew he would have to come to view about whether the invasion of iraq
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would be lawful. for months, he had doubts. in july 2002, he told the inquiry held he had given tony blair unwelcome advice about his dialogue with george bush. >> i did not want to be any doubt that in my view the prime minister could not have the view that he could agree with president bush and somehow go without going back to the united nations. >> but then it changed. in mid-february 2003, lord goldsmith and visited washington. in that condoleezza rice and other members of the bush administration. -- he met condoleezza rice. when he returned, he thought war could be justified. march 70, he gave his authority for war. -- march 17, he gave his authority for war. >> i do recall telling cabinet, well, there is another point of view. this is the conclusion i have reached.
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then the discussion on the legality simply stopped. >> the media reports it was pressure from people close to tony blair that forced lord goldsmith to change his mind and the war. >> it was alleged you had been more or less pended to the wall in the downing street showdown -- pinned to the wall in that the downing street showdown. a pincer movement had been done on you and you were told what blair wanted. you have a comment? >> absolute and complete and utter nonsense. >> hours of discussion about the wording of the un resolution. for goldsmith became convinced of the full legal justification of the invasion. at the iraq inquiry, bbc news. >> is just hours until -- is
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just hours until president obama gives his state of the union address. what can he do to meet the appval of the american public? i asked our correspondent in washington. >> the last democratic president bill clinton said it was all about the economy. he needs to showed tonight, mike, that he feels the pain of those losing their jobs. how will he do it? we brought together experts to have watched dozens of these occasions between you. patrick, first -- what you think we will see tonight? >> i think obama's choice is between being the obama of 2009 to play to the base of his party, very liberal, printing money, and this is on health care, reform -- so-called -- compared to the candidate of 2008 who was attending to be something for everyone, more
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moderate in his language and prescriptions. at the he will chse to go back, be the new old obama of 2008, appeal to middle america, independent voters. that is those people in the majority of the country who have focused on jobs and the economy and housing. >> michael, do you agree that he may have to get away from the base? >> i think that is right. adding there was a fundamental misreading of the last election -- i think that was right. i think there was a fundamental misreading of the last election. the reality is it was a rejection of the bush administration, not a fundamental change of america as a center-right nation. that has got him in trouble in the fight over health care. he will use this to move back to the center. >> is that not what bill clinton used to do? >> absolutely. this is the dick morris/bill
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clinton playbook. in 1994 when republicans won the congress back in an historic victory, clinton had a choice. he was also going down the liberal path, and thanks to dick morris's advice, he chose to be above and beyond his party and cut deals with the republicans and recognize where the country stood, as mike was saying, at that time. >> but then, if he goes back to the table, surely democrats can rightly say you were meant to be a different kind of candidate. >> he is different. that will make it more difficult. bill clinton was basically a moderate southern governor, despite how he ran and how the government in his first couple of years. he was basically at the center of the economy -- basically at the center of the country and the economy. barack obama is a legislator by trade, and on the left wing of his party. it will be hard for him to move to the center.
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>> national security, the fight against terrorism -- we will which -- we will hear about our policy, will not? >> i think it will be explanatory, really. trying to explain to the american people why the new strategy on afghanistan. he will trumpet the success in iraq, were forecast success as the white house is no longer focused on that. i think he will talk about terrorism in terms of its potential to impact domestically. americans are concerned about terrorism, but they are concerned about at-home terrorism. >> do you think this is whoops -- you think this is going to be a domestic speech? >> i think it will be about domestic initiatives. most othem small, targeted to the middle class, but designed to show he can achieve things for the average worker. >> thank you very much. we will all be watching as that speech unfolds.
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i will be treating as we see the main points of the speech, through -- i will be tweeting as we see the main points of the speech. >> do let us know what you think on facebook and twitter. still to come -- ipad -- apple present its latest creation. first though, the north and south korean military have exchanged fire along their disputed western sea border. officials say the north fired several shells into the seat near an island controlled by the south. south korean forces returned fire. pyongyang says this was part of a military drill. >> be south korean government has set -- the south korean government has sent a message of protest to pyongyang. it is making its concerns clear journalists.
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>> the artillery firing is an illegalnorth korea to stop imme. >> as the first 30 artillery shells splashed into the city, it was visible from the south korean coastal gun positions. 100 shot, fired as a warning, were fired in response. this is another example of north korea's strategy of increasing tension in an effort to win diplomatic concessions. the western maritime boundary, which north korea has long disputed, has been the scene of deadly confrontations in the past. in november last year, there was a brief gun battle here that is reported to have killed one north korean sailer. in this latest incident, there are no reports of damages or
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casualties. the latest pictures from pyongyang show nothing unusual, and the government issued a statement describing the artillery fire is part of an annual drill. but there could be more to come. north korea's warning against shipping remains in effect until march. bbc news. >> the latest headlines 41 "bbc world news." on the eve of a london conference on afghanistan, the british prime minister and afghan president defended the decision to bring the taliban into the political mainstream. and a conference on yemen has ended with a strong commitment to the country's future and promises of reform from the country's government. the opening day of the world economic forum in the swiss resort of davos has been done -- been dominated by a discussion
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on how to regulate the banking sector. their arguments the greater regulation could hamper economic recovery. >> the cracks on the ice are showing. no longer smooth, glacial, harmony in davos, but a divide between those calling for reform and those arguing against it. and particularly the role of the world moneymaking institutions. the clashes began first thing well delegates were still arriving, banking executives taking exception to president obama's proposal to rein big banks in. the french president as well known for his passionate criticism of unfettered capitalism and calls for greater international regulation. he did not disappoint. >> the crisis we are experiencing is not a crisis. it is a crisis as a result of
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the skewing of capitalism. >> he said he agreed with president obama. bankers should not be allowed to engage in speculative banking, or expect large bonuses. >> their art remuneration packages that will no longer be tolerated -- there are remuneration packages that will no longer be tolerated because they're not related to merit. one is totally shocking is that you can make a lot of money when things are going well and you think it is quite right to continue to earn a lot of money when things are not going well. >> president sarkozy's speech is creating a buzz here. the room was packed to hear him, but not everyone was a reporter. there was a standing ovation, but he pointed out those who remained in their seats as people with a problem with what
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he had to say. outside, heavy security. in years gone by, it was protesters at the gate that they had to worry about. now it is the hard questions being asked inside the forum. bbc news at the world economic forum in davos. >> just briefly, in nigeria, the senate and the cabinet are at odds over the fate of the president. cabinet ministers insist he is fit for office and cabinet ministers want to know more about his health. 2009 is described as the worst year ever seen in terms of demand for scheduled flights. the national air transport association has said air traffic has seen it the biggest decline since 1945. fresh news for you here. a teenage girl was rescued alive from under a house in port-au- prince. this is 15 days after haiti's
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massive earthquake. she is severely dehydrated and appears to have a leg injury. she is happy, shocked, and crying. supplies are starting to reach the hundreds of thousands made homeless by the quake. thstruggle to survive carries new dangers, our correspondent discovered. >> this used to be a private golf course. no. 3000 tried to live here. we came to film british aid network. patients will get paid to clear rubble with the donated wheelbarrows. it is onl to help people survive, not for what we saw next. the man was unconscious. frantic for help, they pushed him up hill. in his name. it felt like a quarter of a
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mile. at the top, u.s. soldiers let a few of them through. they tried to help the injured man. they took him to a field clinic where a team of civilian doctors had been working since the earthquake. 600 people are seen a day. >> [unintelligible] >> this man had a serious head injury. >> [unintelligible] >> outside, we wondered if he would survive. the doctors knew he had little chance. haiti's tragedy brings tough decisions. >> one of the questions was how much did you on the gentleman. there was no where to send him where he could get neurosurgery. >> we found out his name. he was jamil.
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his brother in law identified the body. a private moment of their republic grief. -- of very public grief. his brother-in-law was the one who encouraged him to come to port-au-prince to find work. instead, death found him. this man's death was not caused by the earthquake, but it was a direct consequence of the struggle to survive. is an additional toll on people who already suffered so much. bbc news. >> just a lighter thought for you. after weeks and months of excitement, apple has unveiled its latest thing. the ipad. steve jobs declaredhe san francisco launched as a revolutionary product. what do you think? our technology correspondent
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weighed in witwhat he thinks. >> he is technologies ultimate showman. stevjaws was keen to show off what heat -- steve jobs was keen to show off apple's latest creation. >> we call it the ipad. >> it will allow users to read books, watch videos, surf the web, and much else. apple hopes to repeat the trick it worked first with the ipod and then the iphone. but it had some drops, too. >> we've done a lot of things, really. >> we wanted to be that natural. >> it can read what you're right. >> it may look smart, but it will have to squeeze into quite an narrow section of thearket -- somewhere between a smart as
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they spun and -- between a smart phone and a netbook. other companies have launched tablet computers. but e-readers like amazon's can built have faired better. the ipad could make a difference. >> their many devices in the market that do similar things. what the market needs is a catalyst. in need someone like an apple to really make this device fully fleshed in the eyes of the consumer. >> steve jobs certainly thinks he knows what consumers want. they hope that there really is a ipad-shaped gap in the market.
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>> that will be good. before we go, accusing it interesting driving in turkey. -- a case of interest in driving in turkey. this truck was interrupting at the top of your screen. three pedestrians crossing the bridge at the time. the driver rose up without him real what did it without realizing. thank you for being with us on "bbc world news." >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john. and catherine t.and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from
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small businesses to major corporations what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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